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Camelot (1960)

Compositeur: Frederik Loewe

Parolier: Alan Jay Lerner

Librettiste: Alan Jay Lerner

As the immediate successor of My Fair Lady -- and with so many of the collaborators who had made My Fair Lady an unforgettable stage experience -- a good deal was expected of Camelot when it arrived on Broadway. It achieved the unprecedented advance sales of three and a half million dollars, and forthwith was sold to the motion pictures for three million dollars more. But while Camelot was no My Fair Lady -- and thus aroused a good measure of disappointment among the critics -- it was nevertheless a musical play with many moments of enchantment and with some of the most handsomely mounted sets Broadway had seen in many a year.

Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités

Résumé

Le mariage arrangé entre le Roi Arthur et Guenièvre se transforme en véritable romance. Le couple s’épaule alors pour organiser l’union du royaume et établir des règles de conduite pour une chevalerie plus civilisée. Mais le regroupement d’homme d’exception amène le fier Lancelot Du Lac à la table ronde du château de Camelot…

Synopsis complet

 

Historique du musical

Inspiration

It is based on the King Arthur legend as adapted from the T. H. White tetralogy novel The Once and Future King.

Génèse du musical

In 1959, Alan Jay Lerner and Moss Hart decided to adapt T. H. White's The Once and Future King as their next project. As discussed in Lerner's 1978 book, The Street Where I Live, Frederick Loewe, who had no interest in the project, agreed to write music, with the understanding that if things went badly, it would be his last score. After the tremendous success of My Fair Lady, expectations were high for a new Lerner and Loewe musical. However, the show's production met several obstacles. Lerner's wife left him during the writing process, causing him to seek medical attention and delaying the production. When Camelot began rehearsals, it still needed considerable work. However, the producers were able to secure a strong cast including Julie Andrews, Richard Burton and Roddy McDowall, as well as Robert Goulet in his first Broadway role. John Cullum also made his Broadway debut as Sir Dinadan; Bruce Yarnell was Sir Lionel. Cullum later replaced McDowall, and William Squire replaced Burton. Other replacements included Patricia Bredin, Kathryn Grayson and Janet Pavek for Andrews.
The show's first tryout was in Toronto, at the O'Keefe Centre in 1960. The curtain came down at twenty minutes to one in the morning; Lerner later noted that "Only Tristan and Isolde equaled it as a bladder endurance contest." The morning papers, though kind, hinted that the show needed much work in order to succeed. Lerner was hospitalized with a bleeding ulcer and had to withdraw from preparations for a time. Hart then suffered a heart attack, and Lerner stepped in as temporary director for the rest of the out-of-town run at the behest of Kitty Carlisle Hart. Camelot then moved to Boston, nearly an hour and a half shorter, but still running very long. The production team tried to find another director, even phoning Jose Ferrer, who could not undertake the job. Lerner and Loewe disagreed on how to proceed with the show, as Loewe did not want to make any major changes without Hart's guidance. Lerner wrote: "God knows what would have happened had it not been for Richard Burton." Accepting cuts and changes, he radiated a "faith and geniality" and calmed the fears of the cast. Guenevere's song "Before I Gaze at You Again" was given to Andrews at the last minute before the first New York preview, which provoked her famous quote, "Of course darling, but do try to get it to me the night before." After the show opened on Broadway, Hart was released from the hospital, and he and Lerner began cutting the play even further. Two songs, "Then You May Take Me To the Fair" and "Fie on Goodness," were cut a few months into the run (though they remain on the cast album).
The advance sale for the show was the largest in Broadway history. The New York critics' reviews of the original production were mixed. Fortunately for the show, Ed Sullivan approached Lerner and Loewe to create a segment for his television variety program, celebrating the fifth anniversary of My Fair Lady. They decided to do very little from their previous hit and instead to perform four highlights from Camelot. The show stimulated ticket sales, and Camelot achieved an unprecedented advance sale of three and a half million dollars. It was also publicized, just after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy (a classmate of Lerner at Harvard), that the show's original cast recording had been favorite bedtime listening in the White House, and that Kennedy's favorite lines were in the final number (in which Arthur knights a young boy and tells him to pass on the story of Camelot to future generations):
Don't let it be forgot
That once there was a spot,
For one brief, shining moment
That was known as Camelot.
Since then, Camelot has been associated with the Kennedy Administration.
The obstacles encountered in producing Camelot were hard on the creative partnership of Lerner and Loewe, and the show turned out to be one of their last collaborations (although they did work together to adapt their 1958 movie "Gigi" to the stage in 1973, and collaborated again the following year on the movie musical "The Little Prince). Camelot was Hart's last Broadway show. He died of a heart attack in Palm Springs, California on December 20, 1961.

1960 - Broadway
Camelot opened on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre on December 3, 1960 and closed on January 5, 1963 after 873 performances and 2 previews. Directed by Moss Hart, the choreography was by Hanya Holm, scenic design by Oliver Smith, costume design by Adrian (who worked on the designs prior to his death in September 1959) and Tony Duquette, and lighting design by Feder.
It won four Tony Awards. The original cast album was America's top-selling LP for 60 weeks.

US Tour
A two-year U.S. tour followed the Broadway closing, starring Kathryn Grayson and William Squire, who was succeeded by Louis Hayward. There was also a 1963–64 bus-and-truck tour starring Biff McGuire as Arthur, Jeannie Carson as Guenevere, and Sean Garrison as Lancelot. Yet another company toured with the show in 1964, starring Howard Keel as Arthur, Constance Towers as Guenevere, and Bob Holiday as Lancelot. An Australian production opened in Adelaide in October 1963 produced by the J. C. Williamson company and ran for two years.

1964 - London
The London production opened in August 1964 at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane and featured Laurence Harvey as Arthur, Elizabeth Larner as Guenevere and Barry Kent as Lancelot. It played for 518 performances. The film version was made in 1967 starring Richard Harris and Vanessa Redgrave.

Revivals
Richard Burton reprised his role as Arthur in a revival that ran from July 8, 1980 to August 23, 1980 at the New York State Theater at Lincoln Center. Christine Ebersole played Guenevere, and Richard Muenz was Lancelot.
The show was revived on Broadway at the Winter Garden Theater from November 15, 1981 to January 2, 1982, and broadcast on HBO a year later, starring Richard Harris as Arthur, Meg Bussert as Guenevere, and Muenz as Lancelot. Harris, who had starred in the film, and Muenz also took the show on tour nationwide. Another Broadway revival ran from June 21, 1993 to August 7, 1993 for 56 performances at the George Gershwin Theatre, with Goulet now cast in the role of Arthur. Goulet reprised this role at Toronto's O'Keefe Centre in 1993.
An 18-month U.S. tour, starring Michael York as Arthur, Rachel York (no relation) as Guenevere, and James Barbour as Lancelot, began on January 9, 2007 and ended in April 2008. Alan Jay Lerner's son, Michael Lerner, contributed changes to the libretto, and Glenn Casale directed. From June 27–30, 2007, the tour played at Toronto's Hummingbird Centre, where the musical had premiered in 1960. While the 2007 Michael York tour was performing across the U.S., Candlewood International ran a separate, largely non-equity national tour that played to cities not visited by the union tour. The Morgan Le Fey sub-plot was removed. Jeff Buchsbaum directed and Paula Sloan choreographed a cast headed by Robert Brown as Arthur, Matthew Posner as Lancelot, Mollie Vogt-Welch as Guenevere and Heather Stricker as Lady Catherine.
From May 7 to May 10, 2008, the New York Philharmonic presented five semi-staged concerts of Camelot directed by Lonny Price and produced by Thomas Z. Shepard and starring Gabriel Byrne as King Arthur, Marin Mazzie as Guenevere, and Nathan Gunn as Lancelot. It featured Christopher Lloyd as Pellinore, Marc Kudisch as Lionel, Bobby Steggert as Mordred, Will Swenson as Sagramore, Christopher Sieber as Dinadan and Fran Drescher as Morgan le Fey. The May 8 performance was broadcast nationally on Live from Lincoln Center on PBS.

 

Détails

Liste des chansons

Acte I
"Overture" – Instrumental
"The March [Parade]" – Instrumental
"I Wonder What the King Is Doing Tonight" – Arthur
"The Simple Joys of Maidenhood" – Guenevere
"Camelot" – Arthur
"Camelot (reprise)" – Arthur, Guenevere
"Follow Me" – Nimue
"C'est Moi" – Lancelot
"The Lusty Month of May" – Guenevere, Ensemble
"Then You May Take Me To the Fair" – Guenevere, Sir Lionel, Sir Sagramore, Sir Dinadan
"How To Handle a Woman" – Arthur
"The Jousts" – Arthur, Guenevere, Ensemble
"Before I Gaze at You Again" – Guenevere

Acte II
"If Ever I Would Leave You" – Lancelot
"The Seven Deadly Virtues" – Mordred
"What Do the Simple Folk Do?" – Arthur, Guenevere
"Fie on Goodness!" – Mordred, Knights
"I Loved You Once In Silence" – Guenevere
"Guenevere" – Ensemble
"Camelot (reprise)" – King Arthur

Textes disponibles on-line

Aucun livret ou texte de chanson disponibles pour le moment

Pour en savoir plus

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Camelot.

 

Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Camelot

Version 1

Camelot (1960-10-O'Keefe Center-Toronto) (Pre-Broadway Try Out)
Durée : 3 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : samedi 01 octobre 1960
Première : samedi 01 octobre 1960
Dernière : samedi 22 octobre 1960
Mise en scène : Alan Jay Lerner • Moss Hart
Chorégraphie : Hanya Holm
Avec : Arthur … Richard Burton
Guenevere … Julie Andrews
Lancelot Du Lac … Robert Goulet
King Pellinore … Robert Coote
Sir Dinadan … John Cullum
Mordred … Roddy McDowall
Merlyn … David Hurst
Morgan Le Fey … M'el Dowd
Sir Lionel … Bruce Yarnell
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 2

Camelot (1960-10-Shubert Theatre-Boston) (Pre-Broadway Try Out)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 25 octobre 1960
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Alan Jay Lerner • Moss Hart
Chorégraphie : Hanya Holm
Avec : Arthur … Richard Burton
Guenevere … Julie Andrews
Lancelot Du Lac … Robert Goulet
King Pellinore … Robert Coote
Sir Dinadan … John Cullum
Mordred … Roddy McDowall
Merlyn … David Hurst
Morgan Le Fey … M'el Dowd
Sir Lionel … Bruce Yarnell
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 3

Camelot (1960-12-Majestic Theatre-Broadway) (Original Broadway)
Durée : 2 ans 1 mois
Nombre : 2 previews - 873 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 01 décembre 1960
Première : samedi 03 décembre 1960
Dernière : samedi 05 janvier 1963
Mise en scène : Alan Jay Lerner • Moss Hart
Chorégraphie : Hanya Holm
Avec : Arthur … Richard Burton
Guenevere … Julie Andrews
Lancelot Du Lac … Robert Goulet
King Pellinore … Robert Coote
Sir Dinadan … John Cullum
Mordred … Roddy McDowall
Merlyn … David Hurst
Morgan Le Fey … M'el Dowd
Sir Lionel … Bruce Yarnell
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 4

Camelot (1963-01-US Tour 1) (US Tour)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 08 janvier 1963
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Alan Jay Lerner • Moss Hart
Chorégraphie : Hanya Holm
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 5

Camelot (1963-10-US Tour 2) (US Tour)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : jeudi 03 octobre 1963
Dernière : samedi 19 décembre 1964
Mise en scène : Moss Hart
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 6

Camelot (1964-08-Drury Lane Theatre-Londres) (Original London)
Durée :
Nombre : 518 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mercredi 19 août 1964
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Robert Helpmann
Chorégraphie : Robert Helpmann
Avec : Merlyn … Miles Malleson
Arthur … Laurence Harvey
Guenevere … Elizabeth Larner
Lancelot … Barry Kent
Pellinore … Cardew Robinson
Mordred … Nicky Henson
Morgan Le Fey … Moyra Fraser
Sir Dinadan … Victor Flattery
Sir Clarius … Paul Ferris
Sir Lionel … Raymond Edwards
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 7

Camelot (1967-10-Film) (Film)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : mercredi 25 octobre 1967
Première : mercredi 25 octobre 1967
Dernière : mercredi 25 octobre 1967
Mise en scène : Joshua Logan
Chorégraphie :
Avec : King Arthur … Richard Harris
Guenevere … Vanessa Redgrave
Lancelot … Franco Nero
Mordred … David Hemmings
King Pellinore … Lionel Jeffries
Merlyn … Laurence Naismith
Dap … Pierre Olaf
Lady Clarinda … Estelle Winwood
Sir Lionel … Gary Marshal
Sir Dinadan … Anthony Rogers
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 8

Camelot (1980-06-David H. Koch Theatre-LCPA-New York) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 6 previews - 56 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 30 juin 1980
Première : mardi 08 juillet 1980
Dernière : samedi 23 août 1980
Mise en scène : Frank Dunlop
Chorégraphie : Buddy Schwab
Avec : Arthur … Richard Burton
Sir Sagramore … Andy McAvin
Merlyn/Friar … James Valentine
Guenevere … Christine Ebersole
Sir Dinadan … William Parry
Nimue … Jeanne Caryl
Lancelot Du Lac … Richard Muenz
Mordred … Robert Fox
Dap … Robert Molnar
Lady Anne … Nora Brennan
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 9

Camelot (1980-09-US Tour 3) (US Tour)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 30 septembre 1980
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Frank Dunlop
Chorégraphie : Buddy Schwab
Avec : Arthur … Richard Burton
Sir Sagramore … Andy McAvin
Merlyn/Friar … James Valentine
Guenevere … Christine Ebersole
Sir Dinadan … William Parry
Nimue … Jeanne Caryl
Lancelot Du Lac … Richard Muenz
Mordred … Robert Fox
Dap … Robert Molnar
Lady Anne … Nora Brennan
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 10

Camelot (1981-11-Winter Garden Theatre-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 15 previews - 57 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 10 novembre 1981
Première : dimanche 15 novembre 1981
Dernière : samedi 02 janvier 1982
Mise en scène : Frank Dunlop
Chorégraphie : Buddy Schwab
Avec : King Arthur … Richard Harris
Sir Sagramore … Andy McAvin
Merlyn … James Valentine
Guenevere … Meg Bussert
Sir Dinidan … William Parry
Nimue … Jeanne Caryl
Lancelot Du Lac … Richard Muenz
Mordred … Richard Backus
Dap … Robert Molnar
Friar … Vincenzo Prestia
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 11

Camelot (1982-02-US Tour 4) (US Tour)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : jeudi 11 février 1982
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Frank Dunlop
Chorégraphie : Buddy Schwab
Avec : Arthur … Richard Harris
Guenevere … Debra Dickinson
Lancelot Du Lac … Richard Muenz
King Pellinore … Barrie Ingham
Mordred … Richard Backus
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 12

Camelot (1982-11-Apollo Victoria Theatre-London) (Revival)
Durée : 2 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 180 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 23 novembre 1982
Dernière : samedi 05 février 1983
Mise en scène : Frank Dunlop
Chorégraphie : Buddy Schwab
Avec : Richard Harris (King Arthur), Fiona Fullerton (Guinevere), William Squire (Merlin), Robert Meadmore (Sir Lancelot), Michael Howe (Mordred), Robin Bailey (Pellinore)
Commentaires :
This was described as a disastrous revival, and one of the worst productions seen in the West End for a long time. Much of the blame was laid at the feet of Richard Harris who was accused of “walking through” the part without any effort. The Plays & Players critic said: “There is no denying the potency of Richard Harris’s personality. It is merely sad to remember that many years ago he was an actor.”
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 13

Camelot (1991-01-Paper Mill Playhouse-Milburn) (Revival)
Durée : 3 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : dimanche 01 septembre 1991
Dernière : dimanche 08 décembre 1991
Mise en scène : Robert Johanson
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 14

Camelot (1993-06-George Gershwin Theatre-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 4 previews - 56 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 17 juin 1993
Première : lundi 21 juin 1993
Dernière : samedi 07 août 1993
Mise en scène : Norbert Joerder
Chorégraphie : Norbert Joerder
Avec : Arthur … Robert Goulet
Guenevere … Patricia Kies
Lancelot Du Lac … Steve Blanchard
King Pellinore/Merlyn … James Valentine
Sir Dinadan … Richard Smith
Mordred … Tucker McCrady
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 15

Camelot (2001-10-Capitole Theater-Gent) (Revival)
Durée : 4 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : dimanche 28 octobre 2001
Dernière : dimanche 25 novembre 2001
Mise en scène : Frank Van Laecke
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 16

Camelot (2003-04-Paper Mill Playhouse-Milburn) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : mercredi 02 avril 2003
Première : vendredi 04 avril 2003
Dernière : dimanche 18 mai 2003
Mise en scène : Robert Johanson
Chorégraphie : ???? ????
Avec : Arthur....Brent Barrett
Guenevere....Glory Crampton
Horrid....Javier Woodard
Lady Anne....Jennifer Hope Wills
Lancelot....Matt Bogart
Merlin....George S. Irving
Mordred....Barrett Foa
Morgan Le Fay....Tara Lynne Khaler
Nimue....Diane Veronica Phelan
Sir Dinadan....Christopher Carl
Sir Lional....Matt Stokes
Sir Sagramore….Abe Reybold
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 17

Camelot (2003-11-Kreeger Theatre-Washington) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 2 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : vendredi 14 novembre 2003
Première : vendredi 21 novembre 2003
Dernière : dimanche 04 janvier 2004
Mise en scène : Robert Johanson • Molly Smith
Chorégraphie : Robert Johanson • Baayork Lee
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 18

Camelot (2004-07-Open Air Regent's Park-London) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : mardi 20 juillet 2004
Première : vendredi 23 juillet 2004
Dernière : samedi 04 septembre 2004
Mise en scène : Ian Talbot
Chorégraphie :
Avec : Avec: Daniel Flynn (Arthur) / Lauren Ward (Guenevere) / Matt Rawle (Sir Lancelot) / Russ Abbot (Sir Pellinore) / Raymond Bowers (Merlyn) / Mark Hilton (Mordred) / Ellen O'Grady (Morgan Le Fey) / Nicholas Pound (Sir Dinadan) / Nick Bonner (Sir Lionel) / Oliver Hume (Sir Sagramore) / Gareth Jones (Sir Clarius) / Ben Hicks (Squire Dap) / Sophie Bould (Lady Sybil) / Leanne Rogers (Lady Anne) / Oliver Beamish / Jenny Fitzpatrick / Jordan Frieda / Graham James / Richard Reynard / Lucy Thatcher
Commentaires :
The original was rather bitchily described by Noel Coward as “Parsifal without the jokes”, and forty years later the critics reviewed this revival as “a hugely over-long and desperately unwieldy Arthurian hotch-potch” and as “seventeen hummable songs hung on a hokey story-line”.
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 19

Camelot (2005-06-Freilichtspiele-Tecklenburg) (Revival)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : samedi 25 juin 2005
Première : samedi 25 juin 2005
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie :
Avec : Avec: König Arthur: Claus Dam / Guenevere: Jana Werner / Mordred: Sven Olaf Denkinger / Merlin: Michael Schüler / Lancelot: Lucius Wolter/ Pellinore: Walter Hoffmann / Sir Lionel: Petter Bjällö / Nimue: Michaela Schober / Dinandan: Michael Eisenburger / Clarius: Michael Schüler / Guilliam: Marco Heinrich / Colgrevance: Michael Bergmann / Sagramore: Marc Schlapp / Squire Dap: Sebastian Benker / Tom of Warwick: Michael Nicolaus
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 20

Camelot (2005-06-Stiftsruine-Bad Hersfeld) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 3 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : mercredi 15 juin 2005
Première : mercredi 15 juin 2005
Dernière : dimanche 07 août 2005
Mise en scène : Reinfried Schieszler
Chorégraphie : ???? ????
Avec : Avec: Yngve Gasoy-Romdal, Andrea Malek, Aris Sas, Michael Stobbe, Mario Ramos, Erich Schleyer, Miriam Japp, Sigrid Brandstetter, André Bauer, Dietmar Seidner, Hans Streunzer, Dennis J.Kozeluh, Wolfgang Grindemann, Josef Borbely, David Wieczorek
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 21

Camelot (2007-01-US Tour 5) (US Tour)
Durée :
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 09 janvier 2007
Dernière : dimanche 20 avril 2008
Mise en scène : Frank Dunlop
Chorégraphie : ???? ????
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 22

Camelot (2008-05-Avery Fisher Hall-LCPA-New York (Revival)
Durée :
Nombre : 5 représentations
Première Preview : mercredi 07 mai 2008
Première : mercredi 07 mai 2008
Dernière : samedi 10 mai 2008
Mise en scène : Lonny Price
Chorégraphie : Josh Prince
Avec :
Commentaires :
"If Ever I Would Leave You," "The Lusty Month of May," "I Wonder What the King Is Doing Tonight," and all the rest of the unforgettable music from Camelot receives the full Philharmonic treatment in this semi-staged production with full cast, costumes, sets and, of course, the New York Philharmonic right on stage. Le cast comprend: Gabriel Byrne (Arthur) / Marin Mazzie (Guenevere) / Nathan Gunn (Lancelot) / Christopher Lloyd (Pellinore) / Fran Drescher (Morgan Le Fey) / Stacy Keach (Merlyn)
En savoir plus sur cette version

Mais aussi, quelques versions régionales ou mineures, ... de Camelot

 

Multimedia on-line

Vidéos on-line

 Pas encore de video disponible pour ce spectacle

 

Principaux CD du musical

1) 1960-12-Original Broadway Cast

2) 1964-08-Original London Cast

3) 1967-10-Film Soundtrack

4) 1982-11-London Cast




5) 2001-10-Belgian Cast



Liste détaillée des principaux CD