Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités


Louisiana, 1963, in the immediate aftermath of the Kennedy assassination. Caroline, a black maid to a southern Jewish family, is struggling to keep afloat both emotionally and economically, while the young son of her employer tries to make sense of the world following the death of his mother. A musical exploration of human relationships, love, loss and social transformation.

Synopsis complet


Historique du musical

Génèse du musical

The musical was first workshopped in May 1999 at New York's off-Broadway Public Theater. Director George C. Wolfe continued to workshop the musical at the Public Theater, where it opened on November 30, 2003 and closed on February 1, 2004.
It transferred to Broadway at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre on May 2, 2004 and closed on August 29, 2004 after 136 performances and 22 previews. The musical starred Tonya Pinkins in the title role, Anika Noni Rose as Emmie Thibodeaux, Harrison Chad as Noah Gellman, Veanne Cox as Rose Stopnick Gellman and Chandra Wilson as Dotty Moffett. (all both off-and on-Broadway). The choreographer was Hope Clarke; scenic design by Riccardo Hernandez; costume design by Paul Tazewell; and lighting design by Jules Fisher and Peggy Eisenhauer. Despite its relatively short run, it was critically acclaimed[3] and nominated for six Tony Awards, including Best Musical.
Opening in October 2006, a London production at the National Theatre on the Lyttelton stage, also directed by Wolfe, ran in repertory with Marianne Elliot's production of Thérèse Raquin to January 2007. The production did not transfer to the West End but did win the Olivier Award for Best New Musical. The opening night cast in London starred Tonya Pinkins as Caroline. Other cast members included Pippa Bennett-Warner as Emmie Thibodeaux, Anna Francolini as Rose Stopnick Gellman, Hilton McRae as Mr. Stopnick, Perry Millward, Jonny Weldon and Greg Bernstein alternating as Noah and Clive Rowe as the dryer/bus.
In regional theatre, Pinkins and Anika Noni Rose (Emmie Thibodeaux) reprised their roles in late 2004 at the Ahmanson Theatre, Los Angeles, California[5] and in early 2005 at the Curran Theatre, San Francisco, California. The Chicago premiere at the Court Theatre in fall 2008 earned 4 Jeff awards, for director Charles Newell, Musical Director Doug Peck, star E. Faye Butler, and best production of a musical at a large scale theater. Other productions include Center Stage, Baltimore, Maryland, in December 2008-January 2009 with E. Faye Butler; the Guthrie Theatre, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April–June 2009, and the Gallery Players, Brooklyn, N.Y., January–February 2010.



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Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Caroline or change

Version 1

Caroline, Or Change (2003-11-Public Theatre-Off Broadway) (Original Off-Broadway)
Durée : 2 mois
Nombre :
Première Preview : mercredi 29 octobre 2003
Première : dimanche 30 novembre 2003
Dernière : dimanche 01 février 2004
Mise en scène : George C Wolfe
Chorégraphie : Hope Clarke
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 2

Caroline, Or Change (2004-05-Eugene O'Neill Theatre-Broadway) (Original Broadway)
Durée : 3 mois 4 semaines
Nombre : 22 previews - 136 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 13 avril 2004
Première : dimanche 02 mai 2004
Dernière : dimanche 29 août 2004
Mise en scène : George C Wolfe
Chorégraphie : Hope Clarke
Avec : Caroline Thibodeaux ... Tonya Pinkins
Emmie Thibodeaux ... Anika Noni Rose
Noah Gellman ... Harrison Chad
Stuart Gellman ... David Costabile
Rose Stopnick Gellman ... Veanne Cox
Dotty Moffett ... Chandra Wilson
The Dryer/The Bus ... Chuck Cooper
Grandpa Gellman ... Reathel Bean
The Radio ... Tracy Nicole Chapman & Marva Hicks
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 3

Caroline, Or Change (2006-05-Metheny Theatre-Washington) (Revival)
Durée : 2 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mercredi 17 mai 2006
Dernière : dimanche 23 juillet 2006
Mise en scène : Greg Ganakas
Chorégraphie :
Avec : Caroline Thibodeaux ... Julia Nixon
Noah Gellman ... Max Talisman
Washing Machine/Moon ... Allison Blackwell
Jackie Thibodeaux ... Zachary Blumenstein
Grandma Gellman ... Ilona Dulaski
Bus/Dryer ... Elmore James
Emmie Thibodeaux ... Trisha Jeffrey
Joe Thibodeaux ... Kameron Lamar
Mr. Stopnick ... Otts Laupus
Dotty ... Kelly J. Rucker
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 4

Caroline, Or Change (2006-10-Lyttelton Theatre-NT-London) (Revival)
Durée : 2 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 58 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 10 octobre 2006
Première : jeudi 19 octobre 2006
Dernière : jeudi 04 janvier 2007
Mise en scène : George C Wolfe
Chorégraphie : Hope Clarke
Avec : Tonya Pinkins {Caroline Thibodeaux), Greg Bernstein/Perry Millward/Jonny Weldon (Noah), Anna Francolini (Rose Gellman), Clive Rowe, Ian Lavender, Richard Henders, Hilton McRae Valda Avicks
Commentaires :
This through-composed musical, combining spirituals, blues, Motown , classical music and Jewish Klezmer, began off-Broadway in November 2003, and received a Broadway production from May 2004 running for 126 performances. In spite of its very short run, it received six Tony Award nominations. The London production at the National Theatre did not achieve its hoped-for West End transfer, but it did win the Olivier Award for Best New Musical. (Tony Kushner was better known as the author of the AIDS play “Angels in America” )
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Version 5

Caroline, Or Change (2009-04-Guthrie Theatre-Minneapolis) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 4 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : samedi 18 avril 2009
Première : vendredi 24 avril 2009
Dernière : dimanche 21 juin 2009
Mise en scène : Marcela Lorca
Chorégraphie : Marcela Lorca
Avec : Caroline Thibodeaux … Greta Oglesby
The Washing Machine … Jamecia Bennett
Radio … Felicia Boswell & Lynnea Doublette & Aurelia Williams
Noah Gellman … Noah Coon & Ryan McDowell Poehler
Bus/Dryer … T. Mychael Rambo
Grandma Gellman … Michelle Barber
Grandpa Gellman … Peter Thomson
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Mais aussi, quelques versions régionales ou mineures, ... de Caroline or change


Multimedia on-line

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Principaux CD du musical

1) 2004-05-Original Broadway Cast

Liste détaillée des principaux CD


Captations du musical