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Guys and Dolls (1950)

Compositeur: Frank Loesser

Parolier: Frank Loesser

Librettiste: Abe Burrows • Jo Swerling

Although Guys and Dolls eventually became the fifth longest-running Broadway musical of the Fifties, it was a long and difficult road getting it to the stage at all. Producers Cy Feuer and Ernest Martin originally envisioned the musical as a serious romantic story along the lines of South Pacific. After hiring composer and lyricist Frank Loesser, they eventually went through 11 librettists before finally deciding to make the project a comedy and settling on Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows, a radio and television writer with no theatrical experience.

Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités

Résumé

Desperate to find money to pay for his floating crap game, Nathan Detroit bets Sky Masterson a thousand dollars that Sky will not be able to take a local Salvation Army girl, Sarah Brown, to Cuba. While Sky eventually is able to convince Sarah to join him, Nathan battles with his fiancé of fourteen years, Adelaide. Meanwhile in Cuba, Sky ends up falling in love with Sarah and tries to reform his gambling ways. When he returns back to New York, he bets all the members of the floating crap game that if he wins his roll of the dice, they will all have to go to church and repent. If he loses, he will give them each a thousand dollars. He ends up winning and all the gamblers end up visiting the mission and repenting their sins. Dancing in this show requires jazz and showdance.

Read more: http://www.stageagent.com/Shows/View/711#ixzz2UKNtjUZ2

Synopsis complet

 

Historique du musical

Inspiration

It is based on "The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown" and "Blood Pressure" – two short stories by Damon Runyon, – and also borrows characters and plot elements from other Runyon stories – most notably "Pick the Winner"

Génèse du musical

Background
Guys and Dolls was conceived by producers Cy Feuer and Ernest Martin as an adaptation of Damon Runyon's short stories. These stories, written in the 1920s and 1930s, concerned gangsters, gamblers, and other characters of the New York underworld. Runyon was known for the unique dialect he employed in his stories, mixing highly formal language and slang. Frank Loesser, who had spent most of his career as a lyricist for movie musicals, was hired as composer and lyricist. George S. Kaufman was hired as director. When the first version of the show's book, written by Jo Swerling, was deemed unusable, Feuer and Martin asked radio comedy writer Abe Burrows to write a new version of the book.

Loesser had already written much of the score to correspond with the first version of the book. Burrows later recalled, "Frank Loesser's fourteen songs were all great, and the [new book] had to be written so that the story would lead into each of them. Later on, the critics spoke of the show as 'integrated'. The word integration usually means that the composer has written songs that follow the story line gracefully, Well, we accomplished that but we did it in reverse". The character of Miss Adelaide was created specifically to fit Vivian Blaine into the musical, after Loesser decided she was ill-suited to play the conservative Sarah.[8] When Loesser suggested reprising some songs in the second act, Kaufman warned: "If you reprise the songs, we’ll reprise the jokes."

Original productions
The musical premiered on Broadway at the 46th Street Theatre on November 24, 1950. It was directed by George S. Kaufman, with dances and musical numbers by Michael Kidd, scenic and lighting design by Jo Mielziner, costumes by Alvin Colt, and orchestrations by George Bassman and Ted Royal, with vocal arrangements by Herbert Greene. It starred Robert Alda, Sam Levene, Isabel Bigley, and Vivian Blaine. Iva Withers was a replacement as Adelaide. The musical ran for 1.200 performances, winning five 1951 Tony Awards, including the award for Best Musical. Decca Records issued the original cast recording on 78 rpm records, which was later expanded and re-issued on LP, and then transferred to CD in the 1980s.
The West End premiere opened at the London Coliseum on May 28, 1953 and ran for 555 performances. The cast starred Vivian Blaine, Sam Levene, Lizbeth Webb and Jerry Wayne. Lizbeth Webb was the only major principal who was British and was chosen to play the part of Sarah Brown by Frank Loesser. The show has had numerous revivals and tours and has become a popular choice for school and community theatre productions.

New York City Center 1955, 1965 and 1966 revivals
New York City Center mounted short runs of the musical in 1955, 1965 and 1966. A production starring Walter Matthau as Nathan Detroit, Helen Gallagher as Adelaide, Ray Shaw as Sky and Leila Martin as Sarah had 31 performances, running from April 20 to May 1, and May 31 to June 12, 1955.
Another presentation at City Center, with Alan King as Nathan Detroit, Sheila MacRae as Adelaide, Jerry Orbach as Sky and Anita Gillette as Sarah, ran for 15 performances from April 28 to May 9, 1965. A 1966 production, starring Jan Murray as Nathan Detroit, Vivian Blaine reprising her role as Adelaide, Hugh O'Brian as Sky, and Barbara Meister as Sarah, ran for 23 performances, from June 8 to June 26, 1966.

1976 Broadway revival
Libretto and vocal book, Music Theatre International (1978), rented out to actors.An all-black cast staged the first Broadway revival of the show, which opened on July 11, 1976 in previews, officially on July 21, at The Broadway Theatre. It starred Robert Guillaume as Nathan Detroit, Norma Donaldson as Miss Adelaide, James Randolph as Sky and Ernestine Jackson as Sarah Brown. Guillaume and Jackson were nominated for Tony and Drama Desk Awards, and Ken Page as Nicely-Nicely won a Theatre World Award.
This production featured Motown-style musical arrangements by Danny Holgate and Horace Ott, and it was directed and choreographed by Billy Wilson. The entire production was under the supervision of Abe Burrows, and musical direction and choral arrangements were by Howard Roberts.
The show closed on February 13, 1977 after 239 performances and 12 previews. A cast recording was released subsequent to the show's opening.

1982 London revival
Laurence Olivier had wanted to play Nathan Detroit, and began rehearsals for a planned 1971 London revival of Guys and Dolls at his National Theatre Company's Old Vic theatre. However, due to poor health he had to stop, and his revival never saw the light of day.
In 1982, Richard Eyre directed a major revival at London's National Theatre. Eyre called it a "re-thinking" of the musical, and his production featured an award-winning neon-lit set design inspired by Rudi Stern's 1979 book Let There Be Neon, and brassier orchestrations with vintage yet innovative harmonies. The show's choreography by David Toguri included a large-scale tap dance number of the "Guys and Dolls" finale, performed by the principals and entire cast. The revival opened March 9, 1982, and was an overnight sensation, running for nearly four years and breaking all box office records. The original cast featured Bob Hoskins as Nathan Detroit, Julia McKenzie as Adelaide, Ian Charleson as Sky and Julie Covington as Sarah. The production won five Olivier Awards, including for McKenzie and Eyre and for Best Musical. Eyre also won the Evening Standard Award, and Hoskins won the Critics' Circle Theatre Award.
In October 1982, Hoskins was replaced by Trevor Peacock, Charleson by Paul Jones, and Covington by Belinda Sinclair; in the spring of 1983 McKenzie was replaced by Imelda Staunton and Fiona Hendley replaced Sinclair. This production closed in late 1983 to make way for a Broadway try-out of the ill-fated musical Jean Seberg, which following critical failure closed after four months. Eyre's Guys and Dolls returned to the National from April through September 1984, this time starring Lulu, Norman Rossington, Clarke Peters and Betsy Brantley. After a nationwide tour, this production transferred to the West End at the Prince of Wales Theatre, where it ran from June 1985 to April 1986.
Following Ian Charleson's untimely death from AIDS at the age of 40, in November 1990 two reunion performances of Guys and Dolls, with almost all of the original 1982 cast and musicians, were given at the National Theatre as a tribute to Charleson. The tickets sold out immediately, and the dress rehearsal was also packed. The proceeds from the performances were donated to the new Ian Charleson Day Centre HIV clinic at the Royal Free Hospital, and to scholarships in Charleson's name at LAMDA.

1992 Broadway revival
DVD cover of the 1992 cast-album recording documentary, Guys and Dolls: Off the Record, starring Peter Gallagher, Josie de Guzman, Nathan Lane, and Faith PrinceThe 1992 Broadway revival was the most successful American remounting of the show since its original opening. Directed by Jerry Zaks, it starred Nathan Lane as Nathan Detroit, Peter Gallagher as Sky, Faith Prince as Adelaide and Josie de Guzman as Sarah. This production played at the Martin Beck Theatre from April 14, 1992 to January 8, 1995, with 1,143 performances.
The production received a rave review from Frank Rich in The New York Times, stating "It's hard to know which genius, and I do mean genius, to celebrate first while cheering the entertainment at the Martin Beck." It received eight Tony Award nominations, and won four, including Best Revival of a Musical, and the show also won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival. This revival featured various revisions to the show's score, including brand new music for the "Runyonland", "A Bushel and a Peck," "Take Back Your Mink" and "Havana". The orchestrations were redesigned by Michael Starobin, and there were new dance arrangements added to "A Bushel and a Peck" and "Take Back Your Mink".
A one-hour documentary film captured the recording sessions of the production's original cast album. Titled Guys and Dolls: Off the Record, the film aired on PBS's Great Performances series in December 1992, and was released on DVD in 2007. Complete takes of most of the show's songs are featured, as well as coaching from director Zaks, and commentary sessions by stars Gallagher, de Guzman, Lane, and Prince on the production and their characters.

1996 London revival
Richard Eyre repeated his 1982 success with another National Theatre revival of the show, this time in a limited run. It starred Henry Goodman as Nathan Detroit, Imelda Staunton returning as Adelaide, Clarke Peters returning as Sky and Joanna Riding as Sarah. Clive Rowe played Nicely-Nicely Johnson, and David Toguri returned as choreographer. The production ran from December 17, 1996 through March 29, 1997 and from July 2, 1997 to 22 November 22, 1997.[33][34] It received three Olivier Award nominations, winning one: Best Supporting Performance in a Musical went to Clive Rowe. Richard Eyre won the Critics' Circle Theatre Award for Best Director, and the production won Best Musical.

2005 West End revival
The 2005 West End revival opened at London's Piccadilly Theatre in June 2005 and closed in April 2007. This revival, directed by Michael Grandage, starred Ewan McGregor as Sky, Jenna Russell as Sarah, Jane Krakowski as Adelaide, and Douglas Hodge as Nathan Detroit. During the run, Nigel Harman, Adam Cooper, Norman Bowman and Ben Freeman took over as Sky; Kelly Price, Amy Nuttall and Lisa Stokke took over as Sarah; Sarah Lancashire, Sally Ann Triplett, Claire Sweeney and Samantha Janus took over as Adelaide; and Nigel Lindsay, Neil Morrissey, Patrick Swayze, Alex Ferns and Don Johnson took over as Nathan Detroit. This production added the song "Adelaide" that Frank Loesser had written for the 1955 film adaptation. According to a September 2007 article in Playbill.com, this West End production had been scheduled to begin previews for a transfer to Broadway in February 2008, but this plan was dropped.

2009 Broadway revival
A 2009 Broadway revival of the show opened on March 1, 2009 at the Nederlander Theatre. The cast starred Oliver Platt as Nathan Detroit, Lauren Graham, in her Broadway debut, as Adelaide, Craig Bierko as Sky and Kate Jennings Grant as Sarah. Des McAnuff was the director, and the choreographer was Sergio Trujillo. The show opened to generally negative reviews. The New York Times called it "static" and "uninspired", the New York Post said, "How can something so zippy be so tedious?" and Time Out New York wrote, "Few things are more enervating than watching good material deflate." However, the show received a highly favorable review from The New Yorker, and the producers decided to keep the show open in hopes of positive audience response. The New York Post reported on March 4 that producer Howard Panter "[said] he'll give Guys and Dolls at least seven weeks to find an audience." The revival closed on June 14, 2009 after 28 previews and 113 performances.

 

Détails

Liste des chansons

Act I
"Overture" – Orchestra
"Runyonland" – Orchestra
"Fugue for Tinhorns" – Nicely, Benny, Rusty
"Follow the Fold" – Sarah, Mission Band
"The Oldest Established" – Nathan, Nicely, Benny, Guys
"I'll Know" – Sarah, Sky
"A Bushel and a Peck" – Miss Adelaide, Hot Box Girls
"Adelaide's Lament" – Miss Adelaide
"Guys and Dolls" – Nicely, Benny
"Havana" – Orchestra
"If I Were a Bell" – Sarah
"My Time of Day/I've Never Been in Love Before" – Sky, Sarah

Act II
"Take Back Your Mink" – Miss Adelaide, Hot Box Girls
"Adelaide's Second Lament" – Miss Adelaide
"More I Cannot Wish You" – Arvide
"Crapshooters Ballet" – Orchestra
"Luck Be a Lady" – Sky, Guys
"Sue Me" – Miss Adelaide, Nathan
"Sit Down, You're Rockin' the Boat" – Nicely, Company
"Marry the Man Today" – Miss Adelaide, Sarah
"Guys and Dolls (Reprise)" – Company

Textes disponibles on-line

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Commentaires

  Guys and Dolls - a history of the 'perfect' musical 

 

Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Guys and Dolls

Version 1

Guys and dolls (1950-11-Richard Rodeger's Theatre-Broadway) (Original)
Durée : 3 ans
Nombre : 1200 représentations
Première Preview : vendredi 24 novembre 1950
Première : vendredi 24 novembre 1950
Dernière : samedi 28 novembre 1953
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 2

Guys and dolls (1953-05-London Coliseum Theatre-London) (Original London)
Durée :
Nombre : 555 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 28 mai 1953
Première : jeudi 28 mai 1953
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 3

Guys and dolls (1955-04-City Center-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 16 représentations
Première Preview : mercredi 20 avril 1955
Première : mercredi 20 avril 1955
Dernière : mardi 31 mai 1955
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 4

Guys and dolls (1965-04-City Center-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 1 semaine
Nombre : 15 représentations
Première Preview : mercredi 28 avril 1965
Première : mercredi 28 avril 1965
Dernière : dimanche 09 mai 1965
Mise en scène :
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 5

Guys and dolls (1976-07-Broadway Theatre-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 6 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 12 previews - 239 représentations
Première Preview : dimanche 11 juillet 1976
Première : mercredi 21 juillet 1976
Dernière : dimanche 13 février 1977
Mise en scène : Billy Wilson
Chorégraphie : Billy Wilson
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 6

Guys and dolls (1982-03-Olivier Theatre-NT-London) (Revival)
Durée : 2 ans 6 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 289 représentations
Première Preview : vendredi 26 février 1982
Première : mardi 09 mars 1982
Dernière : samedi 15 septembre 1984
Mise en scène : Richard Eyre
Chorégraphie : David Toguri
Avec : Ian Charleson (Sky Masterton), Julia McKenzie (Miss Adelaide), Bob Hoskins (Nathan Detroit), Julie Covington (Sarah Browne), David Healy (Nicely-Nicely)
Commentaires :
This was a National Theatre Production. It received rave notices, and has become one of the legendary successes of the 1980s. It was scheduled for a limited number of performances, and was later brought back into the repertoire, followed by a tour. It then was re-created for the West End in 1985.
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 7

Guys and dolls (1984-04-Olivier Theatre-NT London) (Revival)
Durée : 5 mois
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : jeudi 12 avril 1984
Dernière : samedi 15 septembre 1984
Mise en scène : Richard Eyre
Chorégraphie : David Toguri
Avec : Andrew C. Wadsworth (Sky Masterton), Lulu (Miss Adelaide), Norman Rossington (Nathan Detroit), Janet Dibley (Sarah Browne), Thick Wilson (Nicely-Nicely), Kevin Walsh (Benny), Gareth Snook, Andrew Robertson, Lucy Fenwick
Commentaires :
Transferd to Prince of Wales
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 8

Guys and dolls (1985-06-Prince of Wales Theatre-London) (West End Transfer)
Durée : 10 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mercredi 19 juin 1985
Dernière : samedi 26 avril 1986
Mise en scène : Richard Eyre
Chorégraphie : David Toguri
Avec : Andrew C. Wadsworth (Sky Masterton), Lulu (Miss Adelaide), Norman Rossington (Nathan Detroit), Janet Dibley (Sarah Browne), Thick Wilson (Nicely-Nicely), Kevin Walsh (Benny), Gareth Snook, Andrew Robertson, Lucy Fenwick
Commentaires :
Transfer from NT Olivier Theatre 12 April 1984 to 15 September 1984
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 9

Guys and dolls (1992-04-Martin Beck Theatre-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 2 ans 8 mois 4 semaines
Nombre : 33 previews - 1143 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 16 mars 1992
Première : mardi 14 avril 1992
Dernière : dimanche 08 janvier 1995
Mise en scène : Jerry Zaks
Chorégraphie : Christopher Chadman
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 10

Guys and dolls (1996-12-Olivier Theatre-NT-London) (Revival)
Durée : 11 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 244 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 09 décembre 1996
Première : mardi 17 décembre 1996
Dernière : samedi 22 novembre 1997
Mise en scène : Richard Eyre
Chorégraphie : David Toguri
Avec : Clarke Peters (Sky Masterton), Imelda Straunton (Miss Adelaide), Henry Goodman (Nathan Detroit), Joanna Riding (Sarah Browne), Clive Rowe (Nicely-Nicely), Wayne Cater (Benny), Kieran Creggan, Sharon D. Clarke
Commentaires :
This revival of the hugely successful 1982 production proved that lightning can strike twice. It was hugely enjoyable, and every bit as good as its earlier, definitive incarnation.
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 11

Guys and dolls (2005-06-Piccadilly Theatre-London) (Revival)
Durée : 1 an 10 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 773 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 19 mai 2005
Première : mercredi 01 juin 2005
Dernière : samedi 14 avril 2007
Mise en scène : Michael Grandage
Chorégraphie : Rob Ashford
Avec : Ewan McGregor (Sky Masterton), Jane Krakowski (Miss Adelaide), Douglas Hodge (Nathan Detroit), Jenna Russell (Sarah Browne), Martyn Ellis (Nicely-Nicely), Cory English (Benny), Niall Buggy, Norman Bowman, Matthew Cole, Sevan Stephan
Commentaires :
Il s'agit de la version co-produite par le Donmar Warehouse. This revival was very different in approach from the hugely successful National Theatre version, but it was generally regarded as equally as exciting and enjoyable. Ewan MacGregor came in for some mixed reviews, and most of the plaudits were for the American choreographer, Rob Ashford, for creating some of the most exciting dancing to be seen in the West End. Cast changes during the run saw Nigel Harman replace Ewan McGregor, and Nigel Lindsay and Neil Morrissey take over as Nathan Detroit. At the end of its first year further cast changes included Patrick Swayze as Nathan Detroit, Adam Cooper as Sky Masterton, Claire Sweeney as Miss Adelaide, and Kelly Price promoted from the chorus to take over as Sarah Brown. The production ran for almost
two years, and closed on April 14th 2007.
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 12

Guys and dolls (2009-03-Nerderlander Theatre-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 3 mois 2 semaines
Nombre : 28 previews - 121 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 05 février 2009
Première : dimanche 01 mars 2009
Dernière : dimanche 14 juin 2009
Mise en scène : Des McAnuff
Chorégraphie : Sergio Trujillo
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 13

Guys and dolls (2011-12-Upstairs at the Gatehouse-London) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 2 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : vendredi 16 décembre 2011
Première : mardi 20 décembre 2011
Dernière : vendredi 03 février 2012
Mise en scène : Racky Plews
Chorégraphie : Lee Proud
Avec : Jamie Sampson (Sky Masterton), Rebecca Sutherland (Miss Adelaide), James Kermack (Nathan Detroit), Amy Bailey (Sarah Browne), Patrick Rufey (Nicely-Nicely), Jos Slovick (Benny), Paul Bullion, Connor Dowling, Matthew John Gregory, Anthony McGill, David Muscat, Leanne Tain Marshall, Ellie Rutherford.
Commentaires :
Possibly the first time this large scale show had been presented in a fringe theatre, and with a cast of just 13 – this was extremely well received by audiences and critics alike.
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 14

Guys and Dolls (2016-01-Savoy Theatre-London) (West End Transfer)
Durée : 2 mois
Nombre :
Première Preview : jeudi 10 décembre 2015
Première : mercredi 06 janvier 2016
Dernière : samedi 12 mars 2016
Mise en scène : Gordon Greenberg
Chorégraphie : Andrew Wright • Carlos Acosta
Avec : Sophie Thompson (Miss Adelaide), Jamie Parker (Sky Masterson), David Haig (Nathan Detroit), Siubhan Harrison (Sarah Brown), Lucy Jane Adcock, Abigail Brodie, Cornelius Clarke, Momar Diagne, Lavinia Fitzpatrick, Lorna Gale, Nic Greenshields, Selina Hamilton, Ian Hughes, Frankie Jenna, Jacob Maynard, Neil McCaul, Genevieve Nicole, William Oxborrow, Max Parker, Carl Patrick, James Revell, Giovanni Spano, Gavin Spokes, Jonathan Stewart, Lucie Mae Sumner and Liam Wrate.
Commentaires :
Transfert du Chichester Festival
En savoir plus sur cette version

Mais aussi, quelques versions régionales ou mineures, ... de Guys and Dolls

 

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Guys and Dolls (2016-01-Savoy Theatre-London)

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