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Tommy (1992)

Compositeur: Pete Townshend

Parolier: Pete Townshend

Librettiste: Des McAnuff • Pete Townshend

Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités


Historique du musical

Génèse du musical

'The Who' (Pete Townshend, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, Roger Daltry) performed TOMMY non-stop for almost two years at various locations including two performances at the Metropolitan Opera House in June of 1970. The earliest known performance was at the Philmore East, Off-Broadway, in Nov 1969. It also became a successful ballet and any number of different successful theatre pieces prior to being filmed in 1975. The Broadway version was first produced at the LaJolla Playhouse, LaJolla CA, 1992. For this production, the name was changed to THE WHO'S TOMMY.

The musical opened at La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego, California in July 1992.
The Broadway debut was at the St. James Theatre on 22 April 1993 and closed on 17 June 1995, after 899 performances and 27 previews. Directed by Des McAnuff with choreography by Wayne Cilento, the original cast included Michael Cerveris (Tommy), Marcia Mitzman (Mrs. Walker), Jonathan Dokuchitz (Captain Walker) and Cheryl Freeman (The Gypsy/Acid Queen) plus an ensemble that included Alice Ripley, Christian Hoff, Norm Lewis, Paul Kandel, Tracy Nicole Chapman, Michael Gardner and Sherie Rene Scott. The play subsequently was produced by various touring companies throughout North America and Europe.

An original cast recording was produced by RCA Victor and released on 13 July 1993.

A Canadian Production opened at the Elgin Theatre in Toronto on 1 March 1995, and played throughout the year. The production featured an entirely Canadian cast, and the lead character of Tommy was played by Tyley Ross.[2] Once the Toronto run ended, the production went on a Cross-Canada tour.

A revival ran in the West End at the Shaftesbury Theatre from 5 March 1996 until 8 February 1997, featuring Paul Keating (Tommy) and Kim Wilde (Mrs. Walker).

A European tour of Tommy opened on 26 January 2005 at the Chasse Theatre in Breda, The Netherlands. The opening was set to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the original Tommy album by The Who.

A production at the Australian Institute of Music, featuring the Music Theatre and acting Students, opened in September 2007

The original Broadway cast performed a one night only reunion benefit concert at the August Wilson Theatre in New York City on 15 December 2008. Produced by The Path Fund/Rockers on Broadway, the concert was a benefit for Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS, the Broadway Dreams Foundation and the Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia and Parkinson Foundation.[4]

This musical inspired Data East's production of a pinball machine called The Who's Tommy Pinball Wizard, which used music from the original Broadway cast recording.

The original wardrobe is on display at the Costume World Broadway Collection in Pompano Beach, Florida.



Liste des chansons

Act One
"Overture" – Company
"Captain Walker" – Officers
"It's a Boy" – Nurses and Mrs. Walker
"We've Won" – Captain Walker and Allied Soldiers
"Twenty One" / "What About the Boy?" – Mrs. Walker and Boyfriend / Captain Walker and Mrs. Walker
"Amazing Journey" – Tommy
"Courtroom Scene" – Judge
"Sparks" – Instrumental
"Amazing Journey" (Reprise) – Tommy
"Christmas" / "See Me, Feel Me" – Captain Walker, Mrs. Walker, Minister, Minister's Wife and Ensemble / Tommy
"Do You Think It's Alright?" – Captain Walker and Mrs. Walker
"Fiddle About" (music and lyrics by John Entwistle) – Uncle Ernie and Ensemble
"See Me, Feel Me" (Reprise) – Tommy
"Cousin Kevin" (music and lyrics by John Entwistle) – Cousin Kevin and Ensemble
"Sensation" – Tommy and Ensemble
"Sparks (Reprise)"
"Eyesight to the Blind" (lyrics by Sonny Boy Williamson II, music and additional lyrics by Pete Townshend) – Hawker, Harmonica Player and Ensemble
"The Acid Queen" – The Gypsy
"Pinball Wizard" – Local Lads, Cousin Kevin and Ensemble

Act Two
"Underture (Entracte)" – Ensemble
"It's a Boy (Reprise)" / "There's a Doctor" – Captain Walker and Mrs. Walker
"Go to the Mirror!" / "Listening to You" – Specialist, Specialist's Assistant, Captain Walker and Mrs. Walker / Tommy, Tommy (Age 10) and Tommy (Age 4)
"Tommy, Can You Hear Me?" – Local Lads
"I Believe My Own Eyes" – Captain Walker and Mrs. Walker
"Smash the Mirror" – Mrs. Walker
"I'm Free" – Tommy
"Streets of London 1961–3 (Miracle Cure)" – News Vendor and Local Lads
"Sensation (Reprise)" – Tommy and Ensemble
"I'm Free" (Reprise) / "Pinball Wizard" (Reprise) – Tommy and Company
"Tommy's Holiday Camp" (music and lyrics credited to Keith Moon) – Uncle Ernie
"Sally Simpson" – Cousin Kevin, Security Guards, Sally Simpson, Mr. Simpson and Mrs. Simpson
"Welcome" – Tommy and Ensemble
"Sally Simpson's Question" – Sally Simpson, Tommy
"We're Not Gonna Take It" – Tommy and Ensemble
"See Me, Feel Me" (Final Reprise) / "Listening to You" (Reprise) – Tommy and Company

Textes disponibles on-line

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  Un long voyage… 


Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Tommy

Version 1

Tommy (1979-02-Queen's Theatre-London) (Original)
Durée :
Nombre : 118 représentations
Première Preview : Inconnu
Première : mardi 06 février 1979
Dernière : Inconnu
Mise en scène : Paul Tomlinson
Chorégraphie : Tudor Davies
Avec : Allan Love (Tommy), Anna Nicholas (Acid Queen), Peter Straker (Narrator), Kevin Williams (Cousin Kevin), Sue Bond (Nurse), Steve Devereaux (Lover), Bob Grant (Uncle Ernie)
Commentaires :
This was the first West End stage presentation of the smash-hit 1967 recording. A concert version was given at the Rainbow Theatre in 1972, a stage version had played in America, and Ken Russell directed a film version starring Roger Daltrey in 1975. That same year a fully-staged production was produced at Derby Playhouse. An expanded version was staged by the Queen’s Theatre, Hornchurch in 1978 and it was this latest version that came into London. However, with its confused messages of biblical and rock-drug references, and the absence of its original pop heroes, it received poor notices and managed just a three month run.
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Version 2

Tommy (1993-04-St. James Theatre-London) (Original Broadway)
Durée : 2 ans 1 mois 3 semaines
Nombre : 27 previews - 899 représentations
Première Preview : lundi 29 mars 1993
Première : jeudi 22 avril 1993
Dernière : samedi 17 juin 1995
Mise en scène : Des McAnuff
Chorégraphie : Wayne Cilento
Avec : Tommy ... Michael Cerveris / Mrs. Walker ... Marcia Mitzman / Captain Walker ... Jonathan Dokuchitz / Cousin Kevin ... Anthony Barrile / The Gypsy ... Cheryl Freeman / Uncle Ernie ... Paul Kandel / Tommy (age 10) ... Buddy Smith / Tommy (age 4) ... Crysta Macalush, Carly Jane Steinborn / Ensemble/Other Roles ... Michael Arnold
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Version 3

Tommy (1996-03-Shaftesbury Theatre-London) (Revival)
Durée : 11 mois 1 semaine
Nombre : 391 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 20 février 1996
Première : mardi 05 mars 1996
Dernière : samedi 08 février 1997
Mise en scène : Des McAnuff
Chorégraphie : Wayne Cilento
Avec : Paul Keating (Tommy), Kim Wilde (Mrs Walker), Alistair Robins (Captain Walker) , Nicola Hughes (Acid Queen), Hal Fowler (Cousin Kevin), Megan Bertie (Nurse), John Partridge (Lover), Ian Bartholomew (Uncle Ernie), Steve Devereaux, James Gillan.
Commentaires :
This was a completely re-written version, with many changes from the version that ran for just three months in the West End in 1979. The writer-director, Des McAnuff, had softened the story of the young boy who loses all his senses when , at the age of four, he witnesses his father killing his mother’s lover. Unable to communicate, abused by his family and the town louts, he somehow becomes a pinball wizard. Eventually he recovers his senses and develops into a messianic superstar. At the end of the show he returns to the bosom of his family. The production was notable for many stunning stage and lighting effects.

Die-hard Who fans complained that this version removed all the passion, fire and rage of the original, written at the time of Woodstock and the Vietnam War, when the only solution to the ills of society was to drop out. However, this version had opened to ecstatic reviews on Broadway in 1993 and ran for 899 performances . This spectacular London revival received very mixed notices, although there were rave notices for newcomer Paul Keating in the title role. It came off after just under a year, with a considerable financial loss - but shortly after it closed it won three Olivier Awards (Outstanding Musical, Best Director and Best Lighting).
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Mais aussi, quelques versions régionales ou mineures, ... de Tommy


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Principaux CD du musical

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