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Wiz (The) (1975)

Compositeur: Charlie Smalls

Parolier: Charlie Smalls

Librettiste: L. Frank Baum • William Brown

The Wiz: The Super Soul Musical "Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is a musical retelling L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz in the context of African-American culture. The 1975 Broadway production won seven Tony Awards, including Best Musical. The musical was an early example of Broadway's mainstream acceptance of works with an all-black cast.

Généralités: Histoire, thèmes et particularités

Résumé

Dorothy is blown by a tornado into munchkinland where she meets the Scarecrow, the Tin-man, and the Cowardly Lion. They all go off to see the Wizard of Oz, who turns out to be a phony, but she starts believing and they all live happily ever after.

Synopsis complet

 

Historique du musical

Génèse du musical

Tryouts and Broadway
The idea for the musical originated with producer Ken Harper. He replaced the original director with Geoffrey Holder in Detroit during out-of-town tryouts.
The original Baltimore cast included Renee Harris as Dorothy, Charles Valentino as the Scarecrow, Ben Harney as the Tin Man, Ken Prymus as the Cowardly Lion, and Butterfly McQueen as the Queen of the Field Mice. Only Harney would remain in the Broadway cast, but in a much smaller role.
The musical opened on January 5, 1975 at the Majestic Theatre, with Geoffrey Holder as director and the following cast: Stephanie Mills as Dorothy, Hinton Battle as the Scarecrow, Tiger Haynes as the Tin Man, Ted Ross as the Lion, Dee Dee Bridgewater as Glinda the Good Witch of the South, André DeShields as the Wizard, Mabel King as Evillene the Wicked Witch of the West, Clarice Taylor as Addaperle the Good Witch of the North, Tasha Thomas as Aunt Em, Ralph Wilcox as Uncle Henry.
Producer Ken Harper considered closing the show after its Broadway opening night. One source attributes its return to a publicity campaign and favorable audience reaction; William F. Brown, who write the book, gave a more specific explanation in 1993: "20th Century-Fox, the show's major investor, put in another $100,000 to keep it going and everyone agreed to royalty cuts until the productions cost—about $1.1 million—was recouped....By the eighth week, we were selling out."
The Broadway production moved to The Broadway Theatre on May 25, 1977, and closed on January 28, 1979, after four years and 1,672 performances.
A popular song from the production was "Ease on Down the Road", sung by the characters as they dance down the yellow brick road.
Along with other musicals including Purlie (1971) and Raisin (1974), The Wiz was a breakthrough for Broadway, a large-scale big-budget musical featuring an all-black cast. It laid the foundation for later African-American hits such as Bubbling Brown Sugar, Dreamgirls and Duke Ellington's Sophisticated Ladies.

National tour and later revival
The musical toured the US in 1976 and during the tour, Kenneth Kamal Scott replaced Andre DeShields as the Wiz, Stephanie Mills was replaced by Renee Harris, who was herself replaced in 1978 by Deborah Malone and subsequently Dorothy was portrayed by Ren Woods for the Los Angeles run at the Ahmanson Theater, where the 19-year-old made a big impression on Hollywood, casting her in the Milos Forman film Hair. Critics at the time compared her most favorably to Ms. Mills, who created the role on Broadway.
A revival ran on Broadway at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre from May 24, 1984, through June 3, 1984, closing after 13 performances and 7 previews. Directed by Geoffrey Holder, the cast featured Stephanie Mills as Dorothy. It then ran in London at the Lyric Hammersmith from December 11, 1984, through February 2, 1985. A planned 2004 Broadway revival was not produced.
From 1996-97 there was another US national tour with Tasha Scott as Dorothy, Grace Jones (Evillene), Peabo Bryson (The Wiz), and CeCe Peniston as Glinda. The cast also featured Tony Terry as the Tin Man. Romelda Benjamin also played Aunt Em.

 

Détails

Liste des chansons

Act 1
"The Feeling We Once Had" – Aunt Em
"He's the Wiz" – Addaperle and Munchkins
"Soon as I Get Home" – Dorothy
"I Was Born On The Day Before Yesterday " – Scarecrow
"Ease on Down the Road" – Dorothy & Scarecrow
"Slide Some Oil to Me" – Tin Man
"Ease on Down the Road (Reprise)" - Dorothy, Scarecrow & Tin Man
"(I'm a) Mean Ole Lion" – Lion
"Ease on Down the Road (Reprise)"- Dorothy, Scarecrow, Tin Man & Lion
"Be a Lion" – Dorothy and Lion
"So You Wanted to Meet the Wizard" – Wizard
"What Would I Do If I Could Feel" – Tin Man

Act 2
"Don't Nobody Bring Me No Bad News" – Evilene & Winkies
"Wonder Wonder Why" – Dorothy (This song only appeared in the 1984 revival.)
"Everybody Rejoice (Brand New Day)" – The Company
"Who Do You Think You Are?" – Dorothy, Scarecrow, Tin Man, and Lion
"Believe in Yourself" – Wizard
"Y'all Got It!" – Wizard
"A Rested Body Is a Rested Mind" – Glinda
"Believe in Yourself" (reprise) – Glinda
"Home"/"Finale" – Dorothy

Textes disponibles on-line

Aucun livret ou texte de chanson disponibles pour le moment

Pour en savoir plus

Aucun dossier informatif complémentaire concernant Wiz (The).

 

Versions du musical

Versions majeures de Wiz (The)

Version 1

Wiz (The) (1975-01-Broadway Run) (Original)
Durée : 4 ans 3 semaines
Nombre : 15 previews - 1672 représentations
Première Preview : mardi 24 décembre 1974
Première : dimanche 05 janvier 1975
Dernière : dimanche 28 janvier 1979
Mise en scène : Geoffrey Holder
Chorégraphie : George Faison
Avec :
Commentaires :
Majestic Theatre 5/1/1975 - 25/5/1977 [moved to make room for The Act]
Broadway Theatre 25/5/1977 - 28/1/1979
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 2

Wiz (The) (1984-05-Lunt-Fontanne Theatre-Broadway) (Revival)
Durée : 1 semaine
Nombre : 7 previews - 13 représentations
Première Preview : jeudi 17 mai 1984
Première : jeudi 24 mai 1984
Dernière : dimanche 03 juin 1984
Mise en scène : Geoffrey Holder
Chorégraphie : George Faison
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 3

Wiz (The) (1985-12-Lyric Hammersmith-London) (Original London)
Durée : 1 mois 3 semaines
Nombre :
Première Preview : samedi 08 décembre 1984
Première : samedi 08 décembre 1984
Dernière : samedi 02 février 1985
Mise en scène : Peter James
Chorégraphie :
Avec :
En savoir plus sur cette version

Version 4

Wiz (The) (2005-12-Upstairs at the Gatehouse-London) (Revival)
Durée : 1 mois 1 semaine
Nombre :
Première Preview : samedi 17 décembre 2005
Première : samedi 17 décembre 2005
Dernière : dimanche 29 janvier 2006
Mise en scène : John Plews
Chorégraphie : Racky Plews
Avec : Cast: Sarah Boulton (Dorothy), Sasha Hermann (Aunt Em), Stuart Hickey (Uncle Henry/The Wiz), Spencer James (Scarecrow), Emma Lindars (Evillene), Louisa Copperwaite (Addaperle), Andrew Fitzpatrick (Lion), Jonathan Eio (Tinman), Georgina Wyatt, Caroline Fox
Commentaires :
Performed by an all-white cast and in the tiny fringe venue, this was praised for its youthful energy and little else.
En savoir plus sur cette version

Mais aussi, quelques versions régionales ou mineures, ... de Wiz (The)

 

Multimedia on-line

Vidéos on-line

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Principaux CD du musical



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